Ο Πολωνός Πάπας Ιωάννης Παύλος Β ήταν φανατικός αντικομμουνιστής, και την εποχή του η Τράπεζα του Βατικανού χρηματοδοτούσε στην Πολωνία την κίνηση Solidarity που επεδίωκε να ανατρέψει την Κομμουνιστική κυβέρνηση που ήταν μία μαριονέτα της Ρωσίας.
Οι Πολωνοί είναι πολύ θρήσκοι (Καθολικοί) και ήταν πάρα πολύ δυσαρεστημένοι την περίοδο της Σοβιετικής Ένωσης, γιατί η Πολωνία ήταν υπό Σοβιετική κατοχή.
Το 1981 ένα μέλος των Γκρίζων Λύκων έριξε δύο σφαίρες στον Πάπα αλλά δεν κατάφερε να τον σκοτώσει. Το Ιταλικό κοινοβούλιο και η CIA ισχυρίστηκαν ότι πίσω από την απόπειρα δολοφονίας βρισκόταν η Κα Γκε Μπε.
Οι Γκρίζοι Λύκοι ήταν το στρατιωτικό ας πούμε κομμάτι ενός εχθρικού προς τους Κεμαλικούς κόμματος. Το κόμμα ήταν και εχθρικού προς την Ρωσία. Ο εκτελεστής όμως συνεργαζόταν με τις μυστικές υπηρεσίες της Βουλγαρίας και την KGB στην προώθηση των ναρκωτικών που περνούσαν από την Τουρκία προς την Δυτική Ευρώπη, και ο λόγος που τον επέλεξαν οι Ρώσοι ήταν ότι σαν μέλος των Γκρίζων Λύκων δεν θα έστρεφε τα φώτα στους Σοβιετικούς.
Έγιναν και άλλες απόπειρες εναντίον του Πάπα Ιωάννη Παύλου Β. Λέγεται ότι το 1995 αποτράπηκε μία απόπειρα δολοφονίας που ετοίμαζε η Al-Qaeda.
“Pope John Paul II : Assassination Attempts and Plots”
As he entered St. Peter's Square to address an audience on 13 May 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and critically wounded by Mehmet Ali Ağca, an expert Turkish gunman who was a member of the militant fascist group Grey Wolves. The assassin used a Browning 9 mm semi-automatic pistol, shooting the pope in the abdomen and perforating his colon and small intestine multiple times. John Paul II was rushed into the Vatican complex and then to the Gemelli Hospital. On the way to the hospital, he lost consciousness. Even though the two bullets missed his mesenteric artery and abdominal aorta, he lost nearly three-quarters of his blood. He underwent five hours of surgery to treat his wounds. Surgeons performed a colostomy, temporarily rerouting the upper part of the large intestine to let the damaged lower part heal. When he briefly regained consciousness before being operated on, he instructed the doctors not to remove his Brown Scapular during the operation. One of the few people allowed in to see him at the Gemelli Clinic was one of his closest friends philosopher Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, who arrived on Saturday 16 May and kept him company while he recovered from emergency surgery. The pope later stated that Our Lady of Fátima helped keep him alive throughout his ordeal.
Small marble tablet in St. Peter's Square indicating where the shooting of John Paul II occurred. The tablet bears John Paul's personal papal arms and the date of the shooting in Roman numerals.
Could I forget that the event in St. Peter's Square took place on the day and at the hour when the first appearance of the Mother of Christ to the poor little peasants has been remembered for over sixty years at
For in everything that happened to me on that very day, I felt that
extraordinary motherly protection and care, which turned out to be stronger
than the deadly bullet. Fátima, Portugal
Ağca was caught and restrained by a nun and other bystanders until police arrived. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. Two days after Christmas in 1983, John Paul II visited Ağca in prison. John Paul II and Ağca spoke privately for about twenty minutes. John Paul II said, "What we talked about will have to remain a secret between him and me. I spoke to him as a brother whom I have pardoned and who has my complete trust.″
On 2 March 2006 the Italian parliament's Mitrokhin Commission, set up by Silvio Berlusconi and headed by Forza Italia senator Paolo Guzzanti, concluded that the Soviet Union was behind the attempt on John Paul II's life, in retaliation for the pope's support of Solidarity, the Catholic, pro-democratic Polish workers' movement, a theory that had already been supported by Michael Ledeen and the United States Central Intelligence Agencyat the time. The Italian report stated that Communist Bulgarian security departments were utilised to prevent the Soviet Union's role from being uncovered. The report stated that Soviet military intelligence (Glavnoje Razvedyvatel'noje Upravlenije), not the KGB, were responsible. Russian Foreign Intelligence Service spokesman Boris Labusov called the accusation "absurd". The pope declared during a May 2002 visit to
that the country's Soviet-bloc-era leadership had nothing to do with the assassination attempt. However, his secretary, Cardinal
Stanisław Dziwisz, alleged in his book A Life with Karol, that the pope
was convinced privately that the former Soviet Union was behind the attack. It was later discovered that many of
John Paul II's aides had foreign-government attachments; Bulgaria Bulgaria
disputed the Italian commission's conclusions, pointing out that the pope had
publicly denied the Bulgarian connection. Russia
“Pope John Paul II assassination attempt”
8η, 9η, 10η, 11η, 12η Παράγραφος
KGB Director Yuri Andropov was convinced that Pope John Paul II's election was the product of an Anglo-German conspiracy orchestrated by Zbigniew Brzezinski to undermine Soviet hegemony in largely Catholic Poland and ultimately to precipitate the collapse of the entire Soviet Union. The Pope's announcement of a pilgrimage to
fueled Andropov's apprehension, with Andropov issuing a secret memorandum to
Soviet schoolteachers: Warsaw
The Pope is our enemy.... Due to his uncommon skills and great sense of humor he is dangerous, because he charms everyone, especially journalists. Besides, he goes for cheap gestures in his relations with the crowd, for instance, [he] puts on a highlander's hat, shakes all hands, kisses children, etc.... It is modeled on American presidential campaigns.... Because of the activities of the Church in
activities designed to atheize the youth not only cannot diminish but must
intensely develop.... In this respect all means are allowed and we cannot
afford sentiments. Poland
Ali Ağca had made several trips to
also claimed to have had contacts with a Bulgarian agent in Sofia,
Bulgaria whose cover was the Bulgarian national
airline office. Soon after the shooting, Sergei Antonov, a Bulgarian working in Rome
for Balkan Air, was arrested based on Ağca's testimony and accused of
being the Bulgarian agent who masterminded the plot. In
1986, after a three-year trial, he was found not guilty. According to the CIA's
chief of staff in Rome Turkey,
Paul Henze, Ağca later stated that in Sofia,
he was once approached by the Bulgarian Secret Service and Turkish mafiosi, who
offered him three million German marks to assassinate the Pope.
American journalist Arnaud de Borchgrave claimed that the Bulgarians chose Ağca to supply themselves with plausible deniability; choosing a member of the Grey Wolves that had allegedly been involved with the local KGB in drug smuggling routes through Bulgaria to Western Europe would distance themselves because of the implausibility of the link.
Some people, notably Edward S. Herman, co-author with Frank Brodhead of The Rise and Fall of the Bulgarian Connection (1986), and Michael Parenti, felt Ağca's story was dubious, noting that Ağca made no claims of Bulgarian involvement until he had been isolated in solitary confinement and visited by Italian Military Intelligence (SISMI) agents. On 25 September 1991, former CIA analyst Melvin A. Goodman (now Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy) revealed that his colleagues, following hierarchical orders, had falsified their analysis to support the accusation. He declared to the US Senate intelligence committee that "the CIA hadn't any proof" concerning this alleged "Bulgarian connection". Neither the Severino Santiapichi court nor the investigation by judge Franco Ionta found evidence that SISMI planted Ağca's story. A French lawyer, Christian Roulette, who authored books blaming Western intelligence agencies for the assassination attempt, testified in court that the documentary evidence he referred to actually did not exist.